عنوان مقاله [English]
Although the analytical observation of the Safavid carpets started from the Vienna exhibitions of 1873 and 189,it was the three exhibitions of Paris in 1903,Munich in 1910 and New York in 1910 and their catalogs that played a great role in defining and revising the appropriate methods for the research on the Safavid carpets and correcting previous data. The purpose of this research is to analyze the role of Paris 1903, Munich 1910 and New York 1910 exhibitions in introducing the Safavid carpets to the Western Academies. Also,the methods have been analyzed by which Western carpet scholars collected, dated,categorized,made collections of,and displayed the Safavid carpets in order to get a more detailed understanding of them. The questions are also in the same direction: 1.what role have the mentioned exhibitions played in the recognition of the Safavid carpets in the Western academy? 2.What methods have Western carpet scholars used to collect, date, categorize and make collection of the Safavid carpets? This is a fundamental research and the method is descriptive and analytical. It is a documentary research. The statistical population is the documents, photos and catalogs of the above mentioned exhibitions. The sampling method is total enumeration and the data have been analyzed qualitatively. The research’s results show that the process of collecting the Safavid carpets has a close connection with the expansion of knowledge (aesthetics, techniques, history and classification) of them in the West. What has been collected has dictated what to be studied and the studies led to the modification of criteria for collecting and recognition. The comparative study has been the most important method used by the researchers in analyzing the Safavid carpets. With a comparison based on elemental similarities, the researchers have placed the carpets with no relation in appearance and structure, in a genealogical structure.