عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Despite the advent of mechanization in modern life, there are still men and women who create unique handicrafts that are the result of their taste and initiative. For a long time, jewelry has been of special importance among different ethnic groups in Iran, because such artifacts have come out of their creative and innovative minds and they reflect their culture, customs and traditions. Perhaps it is possible to take a step towards the promotion of this art by comparatively studying the ornaments of different ethnic groups in Iran and examining the similarities and differences between them, as well as by deciphering the ornaments that evoke certain concepts. Expressing and introducing the special concepts of ornaments of these tribes can be the most effective way to revive this forgotten art for Turkmen, Baluch and even other tribes. The present research has been done by historical-analytical method and has used library and field methods to collect data. The purpose of the study is to investigate the symbolic meanings of Turkmen and Baluch ornaments as well as the jewelry that women, girls and even men use very much. This research is based on the assumption that the beliefs of the Turkmen and Baluch tribes have always been involved in the manufacture of their ornaments. The question also arises that despite the geographical distance of these tribes from each other, can the similarities obtained be related to the influence of their beliefs on each other or not? This research has studied the ornaments of the Turkmen and Baluch ethnic groups of Iran and has tried to examine and apply the ornaments of these two ethnic groups with a Symbolic approach. From the research results, we can recognize similarities of these two cultures in beliefs as well as the significance of using jewelry with ritual reasons.